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Dialect Details

Dialect: Shōsh-u-Sharmən (nr. Aqra)
Community: Christian
Location: NW Iraq
Source: Fieldwork by Eleanor Coghill

Further information about Shōsh-u-Sharmən (nr. Aqra)

Shōsh and Sharmən (Shōsh-u-Sharmən) are two neighbouring villages in the vicinity of Aqra. They share the same dialect. The informants used were from Sharmən and the longitude and latitude given are of this village. Shōsh is located very close by, at 36.803 N, 43.760 E.

General remarks about the dialect

Some notable features of this dialect, shared with Nargəzine are:
(1) /ṯ/ > /s/ and /ḏ/ > /z/.
(2) */aw/ is preserved.
(3) /m/ rather than /n/ at the end of 2pl. forms, e.g. besoxum ‘your (pl.) house’, p-qaṭlütum ‘you (pl.) will kill’.

(4) Loss of Stem II. Original Stem II verbs have joined Stem I, as have some original Stem III verbs with a weak radical.

(5) nə- as a progressive prefix on the present base.

(5) There is never any difference between ms. and fs. imperatives, even in tertiae /y/ and irregular verbs.

(6) The /i/ of the copula is elided when attached to a word ending in a vowel.

(7) ‘Son’ is ʾəbra, rather than brona.

(8) ‘To go down’ is /špy I.

(9) There is a great deal of Kurdish influence, especially on the lexicon.

The differences with Nargəzine are few. Three of the most noticeable are:
(1) The presence of the phoneme /ü/.

(2) 2pl. pronominal suffix -oxum, shared with Xərpa, rather than Nargəzine -oxum.
(2) The 3rd person simple pronominal suffixes on nouns (-e, -a, -u) are rare, and the compound forms based on the independent genitive pronoun almost always used.

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