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Dialect Details

Dialect: Nargəzine-Xarjawa (nr. Aqra)
Community: Christian
Location: NW Iraq
Source: Eleanor Coghill

Further information about Nargəzine-Xarjawa (nr. Aqra)

These two neighbouring villages, close to Aqra, were deserted by their Chaldean inhabitants in 1961 and taken over by Kurds. The informants insist that they share the same dialect, while being aware of the slight differences between their dialect and that of Shōsh-u-Sharmən. Therefore the language of these two villages will be treated as a single dialect. Most of the data is from a Nargəzine informant. The longitude and latitude given are also of this village. Xarjawa is located very close by, at 36.666 N, 43.878 E.

General remarks about the dialect

Some notable features of this dialect, shared with Shosh-u-Sharm?n are:
(1) /ṯ/ > /s/ and /ḏ/ > /z/.
(2) */aw/ is preserved.
(3) /m/ rather than /n/ at the end of 2pl. forms, e.g. besaxum “your (pl.) house”, p-qaṭlitum “you (pl.) will kill”.

(4) Loss of Stem II. Original Stem II verbs have joined Stem I, as have some original Stem III verbs with a weak radical.

(5) n?- as a progressive prefix on the present base.

(5) There is never any difference between ms. and fs. imperatives, even in tertiae /y/ and irregular verbs.

(6) The /i/ of the copula is elided when attached to a word ending in a vowel.

(7) “Son” is ??bra, rather than brona.

(8) “To go down” is /špy I.

(9) There is a great deal of Kurdish influence, especially on the lexicon.

The differences with Shosh-u-Sharm?n are few. Three of the most noticeable are:
(1) The absence of the phoneme /ü/.

(2) 2pl. pronominal suffix -axum, rather than Sh. -oxum.
(2) The 3rd person simple pronominal suffixes on nouns (-e, -a, -u) are retained, in addition to the compound forms based on the independent genitive pronoun (-?d-díde etc.).

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